Engineers and The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA)

Generic Engineering Concepts

Eight engineering concepts are generic and important for all engineering disciplines.

Match the engineering concepts on the left with appropriate health and safety issues on the right. Then check the answer key at the bottom of this page.

1) Engineering Economics a)
  • Federal Safety standards
  • Familiarity with industry and consensus standards
  • Risk management, insurance, and liability
2) Engineering and Project Management b)
  • Risk assessment
  • Job safety analysis
  • Epidemiological analysis of new materials and substances
3) Information Management c)
  • Establishment of safety programs and work teams
  • Pre-operations safety planning
  • Measuring safety performance
  • Development of effective oral/written safety reports to management
4) Simulation and Modeling d)
  • Product safety in acquisition and installation of new process equipment
  • Toxics use reduction
  • Formalized process hazard analysis
5) Customer Relations e)
  • Safety assessment and inspection techniques
  • Warnings and hazard communication
  • Incident investigation and recordkeeping
6) Emerging Technologies f)
  • Handling complaints from public/users
  • Responding to accidents/incidents
  • Written communications (warnings, instructions, etc.)
7) Professional and Engineering Ethics g)
  • Process hazard analysis (what-if, use of checklists, etc.)
  • Material process flow analysis
  • Ergonomics task assessment and use of anthropometric data
8) Process Design and Analysis h)
  • Risk assessment
  • Cost/benefit analysis
  • Cost justification of safety projects

Answer Key:
1h   2c   3e   4g   5f   6b   7a   8d